Avansa Travel Agency Dubrovnik, your partner in Dubrovnik
 
 
 
 

Prevlaka

Prevlaka is a small peninsula in southern Croatia, at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor in the eastern Adriatic. The word prevlaka means isthmus. The cape Oštro, located at the tip of the peninsula, is the southernmost point of mainland in Croatia.....


Prevlaka is a small peninsula in southern Croatia, at the entrance to the Bay of Kotor in the eastern Adriatic. The word prevlaka means isthmus. The cape Oštro, located at the tip of the peninsula, is the southernmost point of mainland in Croatia.
The peninsula was once subject to a dispute. Following the independence of Croatia, arguments broke out between itself and the new FR Yugoslavia, as Prevlaka borders Montenegro. This is mainly because of the strategic position and the proximity of a major naval base within the Bay of Kotor.

History
The peninsula was a part of the Dubrovnik Republic from the 15th century, who fortified Cape Oštro (the southernmost land point of the area in 1441. During the course of history, the peninsula switched between the Republic of Dubrovnik, to the French to the Austrians, until it became a part of Yugoslavia in 1918. During World War II, the region was controlled between Italy and Germany until the end of the war, where it was incorporated into the Social Republic Croatia.
During the Yugoslav wars that followed the breakup of Yugoslavia, the territory was occupied by Yugoslav forces like most of the Dubrovnik region during the siege of Dubrovnik. At one point, the Croatian military gained temporary control over Prevlaka, before it was retaken. The two sides agreed on the demilitarization of the peninsula and the United Nations Security Council Resolution 779 of the October 6, 1992 extended the mandate of UNPROFOR to the implementation of this agreement, together with the European Community Monitoring Mission. A resolution to the conflict took shape in 1996 when the United Nations mediated the conflict and estblished an observer mission (UNMOP) which oversaw the demilitarization and acted as a buffer.
The mission ended in December 2002 and the territory  was returned to the Republic of Croatia. An agreement was signed by both sides five days before the departure of the UNMOP that demilitarized Prevlaka and effectively made it a neutral territory, though implementation is still incomplete. It is in the process of resolution, following negotiations between Croatia and Montenegro. The two parties have agreed to refer the case to the International Court of Justice.

Prevlaka today
Today Prevlaka is open all year round and is expanding its offer everyday. At the moment there is a petting zoo, an excellent climbing wall and a small sightseeing train (the ride is included in the entrance fee which costs 15kuna) You can visit the fort that is beeing reconstructed and be fascinated with the blue color of the open sea. Mountain bikes are available for rent.