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Traveling to Bosnia and Herzegovina


Bosnia and Hercegovina Travel Information and Travel Guide


Bosnia and Hercegovina rises in popularity as people realise what this country has to offer. Featuring age-old cultures and dramatic mountain landscapes visiting Bosnia and Hercegovina gives a you a sense of adventure. Regarded as the meeting area of East and West it bears the imprint of two great empires. Five hundred years of domination, first by the Turks and then briefly by the Austria-Hungarians, have greatly influenced the culture and architecture of this country.

If you plan to visit Bosnia and Hercegovina for one day we recommend taking some of the full day tours to Mostar or Međugorje, there are also escorted coach tours like the Treasures of Bosnia and Hercegovina.

If you're feeling adventurous you could also rent a car in Dubrovnik and do the exploring by yourself.


Languages: Bosnian (official), Croatian (official), Serbia
Religions: Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%
Nationality: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
Ethnic groups: Bosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6%
Area: total: 51,197 sq km, land: 51,187 sq km, water: 10 sq km
Climate: hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast
Terrain: mountains and valleys
Major cities the major cities are the capital Sarajevo, Banja Luka in the northwest region known as Bosanska Krajina, Bijeljina and Tuzla in the northeast, Zenica and Doboj in the central part of Bosnia and Mostar, the capital of Herzegovina.
Geography within Bosnia and Herzegovina's recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska or RS (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and Montenegro, and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority in the west and an ethnic Serb majority in the east


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Traveling to Albania

Languages: Albanian (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects

Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%
Nationality: Montenegrin(s)
Ethnic groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2%
Area: total: 28,748 sq km, land: 27,398 sq km, water: 1,350 sq km
Climate: Mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast
Major cities Top 5: Tirana the capital,which is also the largest city. Next is Vlora,in Southwest of Albania - the most attracted by tourists.The third one is Shkodra,in North of Albania.the forth is Korca,in Southeast of Albania. And Durress as the last.


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Traveling to Macedonia

Languages: Macedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8%
Religions: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other and unspecified 1.63%
Nationality: Macedonian(s)
Ethnic groups: Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2%
Area: Total: 25,713 sq km, land: 25,433 sq km, water: 280 sq km
Climate: Warm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
Terrain: mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River
Major cities


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Traveling to Montenegro

Languages: Serbian 63.6%, Montenegrin (official) 22%, Bosnian 5.5%, Albanian 5.3%, unspecified (includes Croatian) 3.7% (2003 census)

Religions: Orthodox 74.2%, Muslim 17.7%, Catholic 3.5%, other 0.6%, unspecified 3%, atheist 1%
Nationality: Montenegrin(s)
Ethnic groups: Montenegrin 43%, Serbian 32%, Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, other 12%
Area: total: 13,812 sq km, land: 13,452 sq km, water: 360 sq km
Climate: Mediterranean climate, hot dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfalls inland
Terrain: highly indented coastline with narrow coastal plain backed by rugged high limestone mountains and plateaus
Major cities Since Montenegro is divided into three regions: coastal, central and mountain, each one of these gave some special characteristics to its towns.
Coast: Ulcinj, Bar, Budva, Tivat, Kotor, Herceg Novi
Central: Podgorica, Niksic, Cetinje, Danilovgrad
Mountain: Kolasin, Mojkovac, Bijelo Polje, Berane, Pljevlja, Rozaje, Zabljak, Plav


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